Visibility is a Trap
screen printed toile wallpaper and textile with images of RI ACI, bird cage, lamp with 19th century print of dueling birds and braided rug
8’ x 6’ x 5’
The door of the bird cage is made in the shape of Jeremy Bentham’s Panopticon, a late 18th century prison plan that was circular in shape and had a central watchtower. I use repeating circular patterns throughout this installation, including in the braided rug, a sign of home and hearth and also of women’s work. The dueling birds, cage and toile entangled with barbed wire reveal power structures present in everyday life and suggest that even in domestic space feelings of unease and entrapment are ever-present patterns of behavior.
Visibility is a Trap, detail
Visibility is a Trap, detail
Inspection House/Ensare
2019
Textile, wallpaper, venus flytraps, rug, slippers, embroidery and alarm
10' x 6' x 5'
This installation is named for the central watchtower— the Inspection House, in Jeremy Bentham’s Panopticon—the central viewing space from which an institution keeps a watchful eye over it’s prisoners. Each of the letters in the embroidery is an aerial view of a prison, spelling out Home Sweet Home. The patterns in the wallpaper and slippers are from security envelopes from government and corporate surveillance patterns. I included the venus fly traps because of their ability to trap prey. By inserting objects and imagery about control and surveillance, I emphasize the paranoia that is part of contemporary surveillance culture and the injustices hidden in plain sight, woven into the fabric of comfortable living spaces.
Inspection House/Ensare, detail
Chair upholstered with barbed wire fabric, from Inspection House
screen printed fabric
Home Sweet Home Embroidery, detail of Inspection House Installation
machine embroidery
Each of the letters in the embroidery is an aerial view of a prison, spelling out Home Sweet Home.
Maximum Security, 50 States, California
Screen printed paper
variable
Victorian paper with Gates from Folsom Prison
Maximum Security, 50 States, Rhode Island
2018
2 color silkscreen on paper
variable
This wallpaper was adapted from a fragment of a19th century toile pattern that I found on Ebay. I replaced the buildings in the original with images of Howard Prison, now known as the Adult Correctional Institution in Cranston, RI. Barbed wire festoons, barred windows and weapons were also drawn into the original pattern. Howard Prison was built in the 19th century, a period of prison reform and expansion, as well as a period of expanding material wealth for the growing middle class. Wallpaper was a sign of this wealth, and it was used extensively in home decoration. Toile and other panoramic papers gave viewers a sense of an expansive tranquility. This altered toile highlights the cost of that tranquility, pointing to our current culture of incarceration and referencing the philosopher Jeremy Benthem’s idea of the panopticon as a surveillance device, an all-seeing eye that instills behavior control through paranoia.

Photo Courtesy the RISD Museum
Maximum Security, 50 States Rhode Island, detail
2016-2018
2 color silkscreen on paper
variable
This toile incorporates images of RI Adult Correctional Institute into a historic paper.
Maximum Security 50 States Pennsylvania
2018
5 color silkscreen on Thunder paper, with gunpowder
variable
This design uses historic photographs of Eastern State Penitentiary. With Thanks to the Library Company of Philadelphia.
Maximum Security 50 States Pennsylvania
2018
5 color silkscreen on Thunder paper, with gunpowder
variable
This design uses historic photographs of Eastern State Penitentiary. With Thanks to the Library Company of Philadelphia.
Maximum Security 50 States Oklahoma
2018
variable
with Aerial view of the Federal Transfer City, Oklahoma City, OK
Maximum Security 50 States Oklahoma
2018
with Aerial view of the Federal Transfer City, Oklahoma City, OK
Maximum Security, 50 States, New Hampshire
2018
printed wallpaper
variable
including Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon Plan and aerial views of NH State Prison for Men
Maximum Security, 50 States, New Hampshire
2018
printed wallpaper
variable
including Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon Plan and aerial views of NH State Prison for Men
Maximum Security, 50 States, New Hampshire
2018
printed wallpaper
variable
including Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon Plan and aerial views of NH State Prison for Men
50 States: Maximum Security New York
2018
screen printed wallpaper
variable
views of the Hudson with Sing Sing Prison
Maximum Security, 50 States Wallpaper detail of Massachusetts
2017
Silkscreen
This wallpaper design accommodates any of the 50 States in the US
Maximum Security glow-in-the-dark Guard Tower Sheers
2018
embroidered sheers
8' x 4', each panel
detail: Maximum Security glow-in-the-dark Guard Tower Sheers
2018
embroidered sheers
8' x 4', each panel
detail: Maximum Security glow-in-the-dark Guard Tower Sheers
2018
embroidered sheers
8' x 4' each panel
50 States: Wisconsin
2016
5 color screen print with gun powder on coated paper
variable
A series of wallpapers that amend historic wallpapers with images of US maximum security prisons. Based on a Zuber design, I replaced the original structures with images of Waupun Prison, a 19th century maximum security prison in Wisconsin. I adapted the trellis with barbed wire and used gunpowder in printing the last two layers.
50 States: Wisconsin
2016
5 color screen print with gun powder on coated paper
A series of wallpapers that amend historic wallpapers with images of US maximum security prisons.
50 States Wisconsin Billboard
Home Sweet Home
2017
objects, textiles and papers including imagery of maximum security prisons
10 x 6 x 5'
This installation includes examples from my Maximum Security 50 States wallpapers and textiles. On the wall is 50 States: Wisconsin, a 5 color screen print with gun powder on coated paper. The chair is upholstered with 50 States, Rhode Island, and the floor cloth is painted with the plan of Jeremy Bentham's panopticon. There are two embroideries: the Home Sweet Home Embroidery is made of letters that are adapted from aerial views of prisons. On the table is an embroidery of a guard tower. Also included is a perpetual calendar and a cactus to reference time, labor and tenacity.
The detail from this this installation includes examples from my Maximum Security 50 States wallpapers and textiles. The chair is upholstered with 50 States, Rhode Island, and the floor cloth is painted with the plan of Jeremy Bentham's panopticon. On the table is an embroidery of a guard tower. Also included is a perpetual calendar and a cactus to reference time, labor and tenacity. The slippers are printed with security envelope patterns.
Security Envelope Wallpaper from a bank notice
Security Envelope Wallpaper made from a drawing of the inside of the envelope
laminate
Security Envelope Wallpaper made from a drawing of the inside of the envelope
Security Envelope Wallpaper from a credit card bill
detail of Security Envelope Wallpaper from a credit card bill
note: bird and envelope design
Security Envelope Wallpaper with Bird and Envelope Pattern
Security Envelope Drawing with wallpaper created from drawing
Laminate of security envelope wallpaper with Bank Statement
Security Envelope Wallpaper with rainbow pattern from Apartment 2B Installation
Flocked security envelope patterned wallpaper